No. A certain kind of rash, called erythema migrans, is a telltale symptom of Lyme disease, and if you have it call your doctor immediately.  But not everyone who has Lyme exhibits a rash, much less the “bullseye” rash so often associated with Lyme disease.

The chart below illustrates several of the forms these rashes might take.

Lyme Disease Bullseye Rash

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report that as many as 70% may exhibit the erythema migrans, but this can vary by region. For example, a 2010 study showed that in the state of Maine only 43% of Lyme patients exhibited this particular type of rash.

There are many symptoms of Lyme disease and it is critical that you are alert to all of them. See Lyme Disease Symptoms for more information.

Don’t Be Fooled

Lyme disease is often referred to as the great imitator because so many of its symptoms resemble those of other diseases. Without a telltale skin rash, it can be very hard to diagnose Lyme disease.  Many people never recall being bitten.

Below is a list of just some of diseases that many people have initially been diagnosed with, only to receive a Lyme diagnosis later:

  • Arthritis: typically manifesting as joint pain, swelling, redness, heat, and limitation of movement
  • Juvenile idiopathic arthritis: a childhood disease that causes joint inflammation and swelling
  • Fibromyalgia: especially widespread muscle and soft tissue pain
  • Chronic fatigue syndrome: severe and debilitating fatigue
  • Multiple sclerosis: leading to problems with muscle control and strength, vision, balance, sensation, and mental functioning
  • Lupus: joint pain, swelling, may affect kidneys, brain and other organs

If you suspect Lyme, even if you do not recall being bitten, try to recall where and when you might have been exposed to infected ticks, and discuss the situation and symptoms with you doctor.

Image courtesy of Emily M. Eng

123 Comments on “Does Everyone Get the Telltale Bullseye Rash?

  1. About 5 1/2 years ago I had a bullseye rash on my inner arm. I mistakenly brushed it off. I’m always outdoors kayaking and at the time I was a dog groomer. I am generally healthy, but feel tired all the time, have aches and pains, and my brain feels like it stopped working most days. I eat very well (I am a registered nutritionist). I had my doctor run a blood test for Lyme (I’m in Ontario) and it came back negative. I’m concerned that if I do have it and I don’t control it, I may pay for it in the future. So my question is, If I had a bullseye do I definitely have Lyme?

    1. Unfortunately, there is not a simple answer and your best bet is to consult with a knowledgeable doctor familiar with Lyme and related illnesses. [The International Lyme and Associated Diseases Society (ILADS) offers a physician directory that can help you find a provider in your geography if need.]

      Not all Erythema Migrans Lesions (bullseye rashes) are indicative of Lyme disease (e.g,. see this 2017 story in the American Journal of Medicine). In particular, STARI (or Southern Tick-Associated Rash Illness) often presents a very similar rash though generally has less severe symptoms. And as we all know, many patients infected by Lyme never present any rash at all. The Center for Diseases Control (CDC) does have images of typical Lyme-caused EM rashes as well as images of skin conditions that are not EM.

      If you believe you have been exposed to a tick and are experiencing symptoms, you should certainly continue to seek the care of a doctor.

  2. This looks and sounds like… I broke out with this rash last year in October. I’ve been on /off prednisone for about a year. I’ve been off now for about 3 weeks. I’m bright red – sun burn rash and peeling. Very dry and itchy. My homeopath has me on supplements and elimination diet.. Seeing small improvements, but this rash is stubborn and painful. Warm bath actually feels great… I’m using avocado oil too – which gives me some comfort during the day, but it’s always weeping. Any suggestions? I’ve been seen by dermatology (3), allergist and now homeopath.

  3. Hi everyone! I heard it’s a thing now. I just wanted to ask if any of you have tried cannabis for medication purposes? There are a lot of benefits for medical cannabis especially for skin disease. Scientists believe that CBD, an anti-inflammatory compound in the drug that doesn’t cause a ‘high,’ could help improve common skin conditions. I’ve been reading some articles about cannabis and its medical properties here in https://www.ilovegrowingmarijuana.com/headband. I can’t find any solid conclusive evidence that speaks to its efficacy. Any personal experience or testimonial would be highly appreciated. Thanks.

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