Written by Julia Ries for Healthline on April 4, 2019; Reprinted with permission.
Although spring has just begun, tick season is already well underway. The slew of wet weather seen across the country has ticks crawling out and about earlier than usual. Seeing as most ticks thrive in warm, moist weather, tick season will likely be especially tough this year, health officials predict.
“While regions across the country were either unseasonably cold or warm this past winter, there’s one factor that almost all of them had in common: excessive moisture,” Jim Fredericks, PhD, the chief entomologist for the National Pest Management Association (NPMA), said in the NPMA’s bi-annual Bug Barometer press release.
“From record-setting snow in parts of Texas and Arizona to excessive rain in the southeast, continued precipitation predicted for most of the country this upcoming season will allow pest populations to continue to thrive and multiply,” he said.
by Wendy Adams, Research Grant Director and Advisory Board Member, Bay Area Lyme Foundation
Recently, we’ve started to hear more about Lyme carditis as one potentially lethal manifestation of Lyme disease. What exactly is it, why does it happen, and how does it cause disease?
What is Lyme Carditis?
First of all, a little Latin. When you see the suffix “-itis”, it denotes inflammation – often caused by an infection. So, carditis literally means inflammation of the heart.
When a Borrelia infection enters the body, we know from animal studies that it disseminates quickly. It tries to find the tissues where it is most comfortable, and often that includes the heart. Borrelia can infect all parts of the heart – the myocardium, the pericardium, and the endocardium, the cardiac muscle, the valves, and even the aorta itself. The immune system senses the presence of the spirochete bacteria and induces inflammation, the first prong of the immune system’s response.
Bay Area Lyme at 2017 Association of Environmental and Outdoor Educators Annual Conference in La Honda, CA
Spreading awareness about Lyme and tick-borne infections among high-risk groups has been a key objective for our growing education outreach program at Bay Area Lyme Foundation and the Association for Environmental and Outdoor Educators (AEOE) has been part of our overall education outreach strategy. For the last three years, Bay Area Lyme has attended AEOE’s annual spring conference, raising awareness about Lyme and teaching professional naturalists, outdoor educators, and science teachers how to protect both themselves and the children they serve against Lyme and other tick-borne diseases.